Many LGBT couples and individuals want to become parents. They may explore adoption and co-parenting as ways to expand their family, but they also need to consider surrogacy. Surrogacy can be a complex and expensive process, and it is important for gay couples to understand how the process works before moving forward.
While it is possible for same-sex couples to adopt children, there are several reasons why a gay couple would choose surrogacy to create their biological child. Surrogacy can offer the opportunity to create a profound biological connection with the child, something that is difficult or impossible to do with adoption.
Fortunately, there are now numerous legal options for same-sex intended parents to pursue surrogacy. These include international programs in countries with supportive laws for assisted reproductive technology (ART), such as Canada, which has recently passed laws to allow commercial surrogacy for gay intended parents.
If a gay couple opts for gestational surrogacy, the surrogate’s ovaries will be stimulated with hormonal therapy to prepare her body for pregnancy. Sperm from one or both gay dads will then be combined with the eggs of a female donor. The resulting embryos will be implanted into the uterus of the surrogate, who will carry and deliver the baby.
Some of the most popular surrogacy options for LGBT intended parents are first-degree relatives, such as siblings or spouses. However, if the desired parent does not have a family member available to serve as their surrogate, they can contact a professional fertility agency that is accepting of LGBT surrogates and will help make the necessary arrangements.